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Post 5, 28 March 2024

Making an appointment directly (on the phone)

May I see you on Monday?

Could I/we meet you this evening?

Are you available at your office/clinic this evening for a consultation?

I would like to have an appointment regarding some financial issues with my business, what time are you available?

Making an appointment on the phone directly (semi-formal)

Could I meet you this evening?

Is it OK if I see/meet you on Monday/this evening?

Can we meet at Robinson Square……this evening/tomorrow morning?

Is it Ok for you If I meet you at Ruby Park tomorrow afternoon at 2?

How about meeting at Central Square tonight at 9?

May/shall I drop by your office while returning home today evening?

Can I/we expect you at Elizabet’s party tonight?

I wonder if you could spare a few minutes this evening for me to discuss my new business Plans?

Making an appointment through the Secretary/receptionist/personal assistant

I would like to see Doctor Sen for a consultation this evening, is he available?

Could I expect an appointment with the Attorney tomorrow evening, with regard to ………?

Is it possible to see/meet the chairman tomorrow afternoon?

Can I meet the President today at 6 p.m.?

Is the Lawmaker available today at 7 p.m.?

Can I have an appointment with the auditor on Thursday evening?

Conceding or accepting an appointment on the phone

Yes, you can see/meet me this evening I am available till 7.

You are welcome, Please try to come/drop by  7 p.m.

Yes, I will be here till 8 p.m.

Yes, I am available you can see/meet me this evening.

I think Saturday will be OK, because, I am away on a business tour.

Sure,  you can come any time between 5 and 7 p.m.

Yes, tomorrow evening is perfect.

Yes, tomorrow morning is fine.

What time would you like to drop by?

Declining/deferring an appointment politely – A

Sorry, the Attorney is away on vacation

Sorry, He/she won’t be back until 2nd June.

We are extremely sorry to say that the doctor is not available this week for appointments.

I am afraid (= sorry) he may not be available tomorrow evening, however, you can see him the day after tomorrow.

I wish I could see you, but I have to leave for London tonight, Is Monday 2nd Jan OK for you?

I wish I could give you an appointment, but I have to be in New York for some important work.

I am afraid I won’t be available tomorrow, Is Friday evening OK?

I am really sorry I am unable to attend the office at 4 p.m. today, Is tomorrow OK for you?

Oh………7p.m. …. It’s difficult for me to come will 8 p.m. be OK?

I am afraid it’s not possible today.

Oh, Thursday is a very busy day for me, I would rather prefer Saturday, Is that OK?

I need to advance my appointment on Monday (by one day) is it possible?

Cancelling an appointment politely – B

I am sorry I have to cancel my appointment due to an emergency meeting at Margret’s

I am extremely sorry to cancel my appointments due to heavy rains and floods in and around the town.

Sorry I made a mistake which conceding an appointment actually I am away at a meeting tomorrow, will Monday be OK for you?

Sorry, I am not available tomorrow, shall I reschedule the appointment for Sunday evening?

Post 4, 23 March 2024

Template phrases for communication – 1

A phrase is a word group used frequently in speech, the meaning of the word in a phrase is completely different from the meaning when the same word is used separately, for example: Take your seat means, sit on the chair and not holding the chair up. Natives use phrases more frequently in speech than in writing, this makes the speech sound natural. Phrases are used without thinking, for example: when you see your friend immediately, you wish him/her good morning or hi how are you, without thinking. If you can remember 1000 phrases you can communicate effortlessly in any situation. Phrases do not follow any grammatical structure and sometimes they might sound illogical or nonsensical. Idioms and idiomatic expressions ( e.g. waste not want not) belong to the Phrase category. Today let’s see some important phrases and their functions.

When asking for information you can use the following template phrases

Can you tell me + how much is this?/ where is the post office street/where can I find a store?

Could you tell me...? (you can use could in place of can it’s a more polite way of asking for information)

I‘d like to know + the direction of Rail station/How much should I pay +?

Have you ( or Got) any idea...? Have you any idea about a good movie in town?/ Have you got an idea about this new machine?

Could anyone tell me, how to reach the airport

(Do / Would) you happen to know the location of a tourist office?

I don’t suppose you (would) know this address?

I wonder if you could tell me, Where I can find a good hotel?

I wonder if someone could tell me when the concert will start.?

Assignment: frame sentences using the phrases and check if they are correct, with ChatGpt. You can frame dozens of sentences using each template phrase.

Post 3, 21 March 2024

Practical Grammar 1 – Idea of a subject in a sentence

The person or thing (Physical and Virtual) we speak about is called a subject. Generally, the subject comes first in a sentence.

Bill is a student.

The plane arrived late.

The old building is a museum.

These four books are mine.

The climate of Alaska is icy.

The president of India is coming today.

The Chinese team played well.

Students are busy.

Jim and Shane came late to the class

NOTE: A subject can be a noun, a common noun, a proper noun, an abstract noun, a collective noun, an adjective, an adverb, etc.

  1. In an imperative sentence the subject is left out e.g. Sit quietly, we don’t say ‘You sit quietly.’
  2. Some sentences start with dummy subjects like ‘it’, ‘there’ etc. e.g. There is some coffee in the kettle, It is very important to be an honest person.

In a sentence the subject is followed by a verb (A verb is an important word in a sentence) wrong choice of a verb in a sentence would make the sentence awful.

e.g.

She is a teacher  (She = subject, is = verb)

They are my friends (They = subject , are = verb)

Mary works for a Bank (Mary = subject, works = verb)

Choosing an appropriate verb for a subject in a sentence is quite a challenging task till you are familiar with the conversion of a subject into its pronoun form (Mentally). This is called subject-verb agreement. The following illustration would help you to convert any subject into its pronoun form.

Post 2 – 19, March 2024
SECTION A, English Language Structure and Functions
Attributes of Communicative English
SECTION B, Applied English
Analytical English for Executives

Source: Bryan Rich Pro Perspectives – March 18, 2024

It’s a big week.  Nvidia kicked off its annual developers meeting this afternoon.  We have the Bank of Japan tonight.  And the Fed determines policy on Wednesday. As we discussed last week, there has been a clear effort by the Bank of Japan (BOJ) over the past several months to start setting expectations in markets that they will exit emergency-level policies.  Last week, there was talk that they might end negative interest rates tonight.  Today, Nikkei Asia (a Japanese news source) suggested they will also end yield curve control and ETF purchases. While they would continue with QE, this would be an aggressive exit from a very long period of ultra-easy monetary policy.

In Plain English by ChatGpt

This week is packed with significant events in the financial world. Nvidia has just begun its annual developers meeting. Tonight, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) is holding a crucial session, and on Wednesday, the Federal Reserve will determine its policy.

Regarding the Bank of Japan, there’s been a noticeable effort over the past few months to prepare markets for a shift away from emergency-level policies. Last week, there was speculation that they might put an end to negative interest rates during this session. Today, Nikkei Asia, a Japanese news source, hinted that the BOJ might also cease yield curve control and ETF purchases. Although they would continue with quantitative easing (QE), this move would mark a significant departure from an extended period of very loose monetary policy.

Business Vocabulary (Strategic Phrases) in context – by ChatGpt:

Nvidia Corporation, often simply referred to as Nvidia, is an American technology company known primarily for designing and manufacturing graphics processing units (GPUs)

“Preparing markets for a shift away from emergency-level policies” refers to the actions taken by central banks, such as the Bank of Japan, to signal to investors and financial markets that they are planning to move away from the exceptionally loose monetary policies implemented during times of economic crisis or emergency.

The goal of preparing markets for this shift is to avoid sudden and disruptive market reactions and to provide investors with clarity and guidance on the future direction of monetary policy.

Yield curve control is a monetary policy tool used by central banks to influence longer-term interest rates by targeting specific yields on government bonds across different maturities.

ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund) is a type of investment fund that holds assets like stocks, commodities, or bonds. ETFs are traded on stock exchanges, similar to individual stocks. Bank of Japan, is engaging in ETF purchases, it means they are buying ETFs as part of their monetary policy operations. Central banks may purchase ETFs as a way to inject liquidity into financial markets, support asset prices, or achieve specific policy objectives.

Quantitative Easing (QE) is a monetary policy tool used by central banks to stimulate the economy when traditional monetary policy measures, like lowering interest rates, have become ineffective. Here’s how it generally works:

POST 1 – 17, March 2024

SECTION A – PRACTICAL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND SENTENCE PATTERNS

Confidence is the Key to acquiring English skills faster.

Are you new to English? No worries

Body language is more important than English Words In Spoken English, this means you already know around 65% of Spoken English skills, so to speak around 65% of the English language, you are not required to know even a single word.

Another good news is that English vocabulary has more than 50,000 words, you just need to know only 500 words to speak around 80% of the English language, I am sure every student knows more than 500 words.

The essential requirements to speak good English in a short period are:

  1. Sustained motivation 2. Commitment

Topic 2

Your body language is the most powerful communication tool

In lesson 1, I said, spoken English is composed of around 65 percent body language.

Body language is the physical behavior, expressions, and manners to communicate without using words. Our facial expressions, gestures, posture, and tone of voice are powerful communication tools. We use body language to build better communication at home and work. In Short body language is a signal of communication.

Sometimes the behavior of people too communicate some information e.g. when someone relaxes, it means he or she doesn’t want anyone to disturb him. We also convey expressions of anger, question, amazement, happiness, exclamation, etc., through the movement of shoulders, eyes, hands, etc.

Say the following sentences using your body language. without changing the word order

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a normal tone).

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in an angry tone).

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a questioning tone).

Ha,  ha,  ha, A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a joking tone ).

NOTE: you can utter sentences in different tones, each tone has its contextual reference.

Speak the following sentences in different tones

  1. She goes to the office at 10 O’clock every day. 2. He sold his car for 500 dollars.
SECTION B COMMUNICATION PHRASES
Topic 1 Business meeting Phrases

If you are asked to arrange and conduct a business or board meeting at the Eleventh hour, never hesitate to take up the challenge. The first step to start a business meeting is; greeting, welcoming, and introducing people: Just wear a smile and start speaking the following phrases extempore:

Begin with formal greeting……………………….

Right, everyone has joined us, so let’s get started.

If we are all here, let’s start the meeting.

Now that all are here, shall we begin?

Shall we get down to the business?

Well, since all are here, we should get started.

Okay, we have a lot to do today, so we had better start right now.

Thanking the attendees

Hello everyone. Thank you for joining us today.

Okay, let’s start. Firstly, I am ver much pleased to welcome you all.

Thank you all for coming here at such short notice.

I appreciate your attendance to this meeting today, thank you.

Welcome, and Introduction phrases:

For those of you who don’t know me yet, (optional phrase) I am John Abraham the Asst., manager, and convenor of this meeting.

I know most of you, but there are a few unfamiliar faces. I am John Abraham the Asst., manager, and convenor of this meeting

Please join me in welcoming Mr. Morthy from Poona

I’d like to extend a warm welcome to our new Asst., director Ms. Susee

We are pleased to welcome all the new shareholders and customers

Firstly, I would like to introduce our newly formed sales team, (Please come to the stage)

For anyone who hasn’t met our new President yet, this is our new President Mr. Arun Kumar,

It’s a pleasure for me to welcome our customer relations manager for the Middle East Dr. Sameer

I’d like to take a moment to introduce our assistant., director of Middle East operations, Mr. Sunil

Assigning tasks to others

Ms. Radhika has kindly agreed to take the minutes today.

Mr. Smith will be presenting the last year’s sales report.

Ms. Shane has kindly agreed to give us a report on North India’s sales target for 2024-25

Ms. Devi, would you mind taking notes? / taking the minutes today, please?

Mr. Murugan will discuss today’s meeting agenda.

Talking about absentees

Unfortunately, Ms. Elizebth cannot join us today. She was sick.

Mr. Shankar will be taking the minutes today, as Mr. Saleem, is at home with a fever.

I have received apologies for the absence from Mr. Khan, he our of town.

If you notice anyone absent, please let Mr. John know so he can make a note of it.

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Topic 2 – Salutation in Business Letters

The salutation words are written at the top left of a letter, they are an important part of a letter. The selection of the right salutation words depends on, who you are writing to and how formal your relationship is with the person (s).

Formal, official, or business letters:

To Whom It May Concern:Use only when you are writing to a person (s) or an institution if you don’t know who to address
Dear Ms. John,Use only when writing to a person holding a position, If you don’t know the name.
Dear Mr John,Use only when writing to a person holding a position, If you know the name.
Dear Ms John,Use only when you have the name of the female (Married or unmarried) contact; Avoid Mrs.
Dear Dr John,Use, When addressing a doctor, If you know the Person’s name.
Dear Ms. John,Use, When addressing a professor, If you know the Person’s name.
Dear Arul RajanEnter The full name when you are unsure of the recipient’s gender.

Business letters

Dear colleagues,Use when writing to a group of fellow workers.
Dear Mary,Use when writing to a female colleague a friend or a relative.
Dear John,Use when writing to a male colleague a friend or a relative.

 Personal letters

These salutation words should be used with people you are very familiar with, using these salutation words in formal letters might offend others

Hello guys – Use when writing to a group of people you know very well.
Hi – Use when writing to one or more people you are very close to.
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Topic 3 – Letter closing phrases

Yours faithfully, (when you start with Dear Sir/ Madam,)

Yours sincerely, (when you start with the name e.g. Dear Ms. James)

Sincerely Yours, American English

Sincerely, American English

Yours Truly, American English

Informal – use when the recipient is very close to you

Love,

Take care,

Yours,

or any phrase like yours nicely,

Semi-formal

Thanks

Best regards, 

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Topic 4 Letter/E-mail Composition

Letter /E-mail starting Phrases – First-time contact

I am (or we are) writing to inform you

  • That, we are the newly appointed dealers for Maxwell home products at Capetown, you may contact us for your requirements. We offer a 30 percent discount on all products.
  • about our new Electronic service station. at Golden Park Avenue, 3rd Street, we service all types of surveillance cameras at very competitive rates, we would be glad to send our service engineer if you require.

I am (or we are) writing to confirm…

if you are interested in buying classical wooden furniture made of teak wood and hand-carved. We offer free shipment within the town apart from seasonal offers.

I am (or we are) writing to enquire

about the passenger car, Electric model six-seater price, including mandatory charges, we would like to buy within a week for our office.

I am (or we are) contacting you for the reasons mentioned below

A consignment of stationary meant for Apex Technologies has been wrongly delivered to your address. Please let us know if we can come and take it back. We tender our sincere apologies for the mess up.

I/we recently heard about…

your business in New York, and would like to know more about your products and prices. We are interested in buying cosmetics and related items in bulk. We would be grateful if you could send us the details by Email at the earliest.

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Section C – Advanced English and Analytical Skills for Executives

Master the power phrases, to leverage your leadership

BUSINESS + FINANCE – Source > Forbes Daily March 15, 2024

Assignment: pick out words and phrases and prompt ChatGpt for Para phrasing

GE and IBM were once considered the crown jewels of the blue-chip Dow Jones Industrial before running into trouble in the 21st century. Now, more than two decades from their peak yearsthey’re staging comebacksGE’s value has tripled since 2018, and IBM’s has surged 82%, both outstripping the Dow’s 67% increase.

MORE: The Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq slipped Thursday, after another inflation report revealed sticky price increases, throwing cold water on hopes about incoming interest rate cuts. Semiconductor chip giants Nvidia and Advanced Micro Devices were some of the biggest losers, a rare step back for the scorching-hot semiconductor sector.

Amid the stock market and cryptocurrency boom, Robinhood reported a massive uptick in retail investor activityleading the company’s shares to surge to their highest level since 2021. Still, the outlook for future activity on the platform can be “especially volatile,” especially in crypto, Deutsche Bank analyst Brian Bedell wrote to clients Wednesday. Robinhood has not turned a profit in its three years as a public company.

A national benchmark for crude oil climbed more than 1% on Thursday to a four-month high, as uncertainty in the international energy market and low supplies in the U.S. continue to drive up the price of oil and gasoline. U.S. gas prices surpassed $3.42 on average, according to data from GasBuddy, marking the highest price at the pump since early November.
WEALTH + ENTREPRENEURSHIP Source > Forbes Daily March 15, 2024
Assignment: pick out words and phrases and prompt ChatGpt for Para phrasing
Investor frenzy over AI has boosted shares of under-the-radar South Korean semiconductor company Leeno Industrial by more than 70% since November, making the company’s founder and CEO Lee Chae-Yoon the newest billionaire in South Korea. He’s the second billionaire to be minted by the AI boom in South Korea home to some of the biggest names in the chip industry. Lee is the largest shareholder of Leeno Industrial, and Forbes estimates his net worth at $1 billion as of Thursday’s stock market close.
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