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Basics of Practical Grammar

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Lesson 1

Confidence is the Key to acquiring English skills faster.

Are you new to English? No worries

Body language is more important than English Words In Spoken English, this means you already know around 65% of Spoken English skills, so to speak around 65% of the English language, you are not required to know even a single word.

Another good news is that English vocabulary has more than 50,000 words, you just need to know only 500 words to speak around 80% of the English language, I am sure every student knows more than 500 words.

The essential requirements to speak good English in a short period are:

  1. Sustained motivation 2. Commitment

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Lesson 2

Your body language is the most powerful communication tool

In lesson 1, I said ‘spoken English composed of around 65 percent body language.’

Body language is the physical behavior, expressions, and manners to communicate without using words. Our facial expressions, gestures, posture, and tone of voice are powerful communication tools. We use body language to build better communication at home and work. In Short body language is a signal of communication.

Sometimes times behavior of people too communicate some information e.g. when someone relaxes, it means he or she doesn’t want anyone to disturb him. We also convey expressions of anger, question, amazement, happiness, exclamation, etc., through the movement of shoulders, eyes, hands, etc.

Say the following sentences using your body language. without changing the word order

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a normal tone).

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in an angry tone).

A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a  questioning tone).

Ha,  ha,  ha, A cat is drinking milk in the kitchen ( say in a joking tone ).

Speak the following sentences in above mentioned tones.

  1. She goes to the office at 10’ O clock every day. 2. He sold his car for 500 dollars.

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Lesson 3 Attributes of Communicative English

If you wish to acquire proficiency in English faster follow the attributes mentioned in the following illustration.

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Lesson 4 Components of Communicative English

Communicative English mostly consists of the following components, English grammar has the least role in Communicative English.

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Lesson 5 – Idea of a subject in English

Getting an idea of the subject is very essential in making sentences in English. The Term subject has different meanings in different contexts, in this lesson, the term subject is a person place, or anything (anything: physical or virtual). A subject may be a single letter word for example: ‘I’ or a group of words ‘The President of India‘. Usually in an English sentence, the subject comes at the beginning of a sentence for example:

Stars are far away.

She is a singer.

In some sentences, the subject is left out, for example:

sit quietly. (=you sit quietly)

Don’t move from here, till I say. (= you don’t move)

Subject may come in the middle or at the end of a sentence too for example:

May God bless you.

May you live longer?

A subject may take several noun forms, look at the following examples:

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Lesson 6 – Idea of a subjectverb agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement

In a sentence every subject is followed by a verb (A verb is an important word in a  sentence) wrong choice of a verb would make the sentence awful.

e.g.

I am a teacher  (She = subject, is = verb) – The subject ‘I‘ agrees with the verb ‘am’ (I >am)

They are my friends (They = subject, are = verb) The subject ‘they’ agrees with the verb ‘are’ (They > are)

Mary works for a Bank (Mary = subject, works = verb) The subject ‘Mary’ agrees with the verb ‘is’

(Mary > is)

We talk about hundreds of subjects in our day-to-day conversations, for example, we talk about weather, education, government, friends, price-rise, travel, etc., now a question arises how to find suitable verbs for each subject? To solve this problem it’s a good idea to convert the subject into its pronoun form mentally before speaking or writing and reconvert them into their original form during the speech or writing. This conversion would help us to choose a suitable verb for any subject under the sun.

For example, when you speak about a bank mentally think of its pronoun (it)

A bank is a place to keep our cash safely (A Bank=it is a place to keep our cash safely)

My friends are in India (My friends = they are in India)

Take a look at the subject-to-pronoun chart:

End of the lesson 6 file

Lesson 7 introduction to verbs

If you know how to handle the verbs, you know how to handle the language. Everything else is just vocabulary – Michel Thomas

The common definition of a verb found in most of the school grammar books is ‘verb is an action word’ Actually a verb is not an action word it’s the most important word in a sentence, a wrong choice of verb would make a sentence awful.

There are three main types of verbs in the Engish language: namely, a. Being verbs b. Modal verbs and c. action verbs.

Among the three types of verbs, it’s very easy to make sentences using modal verbs, because modal verbs don’t follow the subject-verb agreement rule. In Lesson 8, we will be discussing Modal verbs in detail.

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